• Lori Daggar posing outside

Lori J. Daggar

Lori Daggar specializes in early North American history, with a particular focus on Indigenous histories and the history of U.S. empire. 

Her first book, Cultivating Empire, charts the connections between missionary work, capitalism, and Native politics to understand the making of the American empire in the late-eighteenth and early-nineteenth centuries. It explores how Native authority and diplomatic protocols encouraged the fledgling U.S. federal government to partner with missionaries in the realm of Indian affairs, and it charts how that partnership borrowed and deviated from earlier imperial-missionary partnerships.

Employing the terminology of speculative philanthropy to underscore the ways in which a desire to do good often coexisted with a desire to make profit, Cultivating Empire also links eighteenth- and early-nineteenth-century U.S. Indian policy—often framed as benevolent by its crafters—with the emergence of racial capitalism in the United States. In the process, Daggar argues that Native peoples wielded ideas of philanthropy and civilization for their own purposes and that Indian Country played a critical role in the construction of the U.S. imperial state and its economy. Rather than understand civilizing missions simply as tools for assimilation, then, Cultivating Empire reveals that missions were hinges for U.S. economic and political development that could both devastate Indigenous communities and offer Native peoples additional means to negotiate for power and endure.

Her next book project examines Native peoples’ ideas, actions, and experiences during the Age of Revolutions in North America and the Atlantic World.

Lori Daggar is also a member of the Welcome Home project at Ursinus, a collaborative effort undertaken with the Delaware Tribe of Indians and the Perkiomen Valley School District.


B.A., Nazareth College

M.A., University of Pennsylvania

Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania


CIE 200: Common Intellectual Experience (first-year seminar)

HIST 125: Defining America: Early America in its Global Contexts

HIST/ENGL 212: Bears Make History (DH course)

HIST 220: Philadelphia Story: The City as Text

HIST 225: Native North America

HIST/GWSS 227: Witches, Drudges, and Good Wives: Gender, Race, and Sex in Early America

HIST322: Making American Empire

HIST 322: Revolutionary America in a Global Age of Revolution

HIST 321: Colonial America: Violence, Movement, and Exchange in the Early Atlantic World

HIST 330: Street Scrapers, Seamstresses, and the Enslaved: Work, Labor, and Capitalism in the Early Republic

HIST 421W: Native American Activism and Red Power

Professional Experience

Fellow, Bright Institute at Knox College, 2018-2020 (extended to 2021 due to COVID-19).

Advisory Council, McNeil Center for Early American Studies

Research Interests

Early North American History
American Empire
History of Capitalism
Indigenous Dispossession 
Philanthropy and Social Reform 

Recent Work


Cultivating Empire: Capitalism, Philanthropy, and the Negotiation of American Imperialism in Indian Country (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2022)

Articles and Book Chapters:

“The White River Witch-Hunt and Indigenous Peoples’ Negotiations with Missionaries in the Era of the Early Republic,” in Benjamin Park, ed., Religion in American History (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2021).

“‘A Damnd Rebelious Race’: The U.S. Civilization Plan and Native Authority,” in Ignacio Gallup-Diaz and Geoffrey Plank, eds., Quakers and Native Americans (Brill Press, 2019).

“The Mission Complex: Economic Development, ‘Civilization’ and Empire in the Early Republic,” Journal of the Early Republic, vol. 36, no. 3 (Fall 2016).

Book Reviews and Invited Review Essays:

“Warring for America, Warring for a Continent.” Journal of the Early Republic. Vol. 39, no. 4 (Winter 2019): 737-744.

Review of Katherine Bjork, Prairie Imperialists: The Indian Country Origins of American Empire. Western Historical Quarterly, in production.

Review of Ben-zvi, Yael. Native Land Talk: Indigenous and Arrivant Rights Theories. Early American Literature, Spring 2019.

Review of John Reda, From Furs to Farms: The Transformation of the Mississippi Valley, 1762-1825. Journal of the Early Republic, Vol. 38, No. 2 (Summer 2018): 352-354.

“Indigenous History and Imperial America: American Indian History Today and Tomorrow,” Reviews in American History, Vol. 45, No. 3 (September 2017): 378-383.

Review of Michael Leroy Oberg, Professional Indian: The American Odyssey of Eleazer Williams. Ethnohistory 63, no. 4 (2016).

Review of Fixico, Donald, Call for Change: The Medicine Way of American Indian History, Ethos, and Reality. H-AmIndian, H-Net Reviews. January, 2015.

Recent Invited Talks

2022 Panelist, “The Battle for the American West,” National Constitution Center.


“‘The Best and Cheapest Way to Get Rid of Them’: Philanthropy, Economy, and the Politics of Exclusion in Indian Country,” McNeil Center for Early American Studies, The Center Seminar Series
2017 “The Society of Friends, Early U.S. Indian Policy, and the Making of American Empire,” Haverford College


Recent Conference Presentations:

2018 “Diplomacy and the Negotiation of American Empire in Indian Country,” American Society for Ethnohistory Annual Conference
2018 “Speculative Philanthropy, Indigenous Dispossession, and the Making of American Empire,” Society for Historians of the Early American Republic Annual Meeting
2018 “Philanthropy and Profit in Indian Country,” Omohundro Institute Annual Conference
2018 “‘A Damnd Rebelious Race’: Negotiating ‘Civilization’ Policies in the Ohio Country,” Native American and Indigenous Studies Association Annual Meeting
2017 “‘Of Mercy and of Sound Policy Too’: Philanthropy and Empire in the Early Republic,” Society for Historians of the Early American Republic
2017 “‘Of Mercy and of Sound Policy Too’: Indian Removal and the Cultivation of American Empire,” Empires of Charity Workshop, University of Warwick, UK
2016 “’A damned rebelious race’: The U.S. ‘Civilization’ Plan and Native Authority,” Quakers and American Indians from the 1650s to the 21st Century, McNeil Center for Early American Studies
2016 “‘We are upon our own Business’: Hendrick Aupaumut and the Consequences of U.S. Imperial Power in the Early Republic,” American Historical Association Annual Meeting