Violation Definitions

Bullying - Any intentional written, electronic, verbal, or physical act or series of actions directed at another member of the College Community, which is severe and pervasive enough that a reasonable person under the circumstances should know his or her actions will:

  1. Place a member or members of the College Community in reasonable fear of substantial harm to his or her emotional or physical well-being or substantial damages to his or her property; or
  2. Substantially interfere with a student’s educational environment due to the pervasiveness or persistence of actions or due to a power differential between the bully and the target; or
  3. Substantially disrupt the efficient and orderly operation of the College and its programs, activities, and events; or
  4. Perpetuate bullying by inciting, soliciting or coercing an individual or group to demean, dehumanize, embarrass or cause emotional, psychological or physical harm to another member or members of the College Community.

Hazing – any action or situation which recklessly or intentionally endangers the mental or physical health of a student or willfully destroys or removes public or private property for the purpose of initiation, admission into, or affiliation with, any organization operating under the sanction of or recognized as an organization by an institution of higher education or as a condition for continued membership in said organization. Hazing includes but is not be limited to any brutality of a physical nature, such as whipping, beating, branding, forced calisthenics, exposure to the elements, forced consumption of any food, liquor, drug, or other substance, or other forced physical activity which could adversely affect the physical health and safety of the individual and shall include any activity which would subject the individual to extreme mental stress, such as sleep deprivation, forced exclusion from social contact, forced conduct which could result in extreme embarrassment, or any other forced activity which could adversely affect the mental health or dignity of the individual, or any willful destruction or removal of public or private property.

For the purposes of this definition, any activity as described in this definition upon which the initiation or admission into or affiliation with or continued membership in an organization is directly or indirectly conditioned shall be presumed to be ‘forced’ activity, the willingness of an individual to participate in such activity notwithstanding. Individuals and/or organizations as a whole found in violation of this policy will be subject to disciplinary action, in addition to any liabilities faced under Pennsylvania’s anti-hazing law.
Hazing in any form is prohibited, whether the activities occur on or off campus. The College supports and will strictly enforce the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania’s Anti-Hazing Law, Act 175 of 1986, 24 P.S. §§5351-5354.

Physical violence – hitting, pushing, or other such activity resulting in or intended to cause physical harm. Physical violence may or may not include use of a weapon.

Retaliation – intimidation, threats or harassments against a complainant or any participant in an investigation or conduct process.

Stalking - engaging in conduct or repeatedly committing acts toward another person, including following the person without proper authority, under circumstances that demonstrate either of the following:

  • place the person in reasonable fear of bodily injury; or
  • reasonably cause substantial emotional distress to the person.

Stalking includes the concept of cyber-stalking, a particular form of stalking in which electronic media such as the Internet, social networks, blogs, cell phones, texts, or other similar devices or forms of contact are used to pursue, harass, or to make unwelcome contact with another person in an unsolicited fashion.

Theft - the unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another.

Threats - making a threat(s) of violence (including verbal, written, or virtual communication) that does or could cause(s) a reasonable expectation of harm to the health or safety of a specific person.

Weapons & Explosives – firearms, including rifles, shotguns, handguns, air guns, and gas-powered guns and all ammunition or hand-loading equipment and supplies for the same; knives with a fixed blade over 2.5 inches (other than kitchen knives); fireworks, chemicals, explosive devices, or any other object used to threaten or cause harm.